Danes use the flag at festive occasions, including birthdays, weddings, sports events, political meetings, and public holidays.Hymns, songs, and ballads provide metaphors associated with Danish nationality, the mother tongue, school, history, and homeland.
There is a relative homogeneity in topography, with few areas at a high elevation.
Since the sixteenth century, the capital has been Copenhagen, which is also the largest city. The first census in 1769 counted a total of 797,584 people; by 1998, the total population was 5,294,860.
By the ninth century the Danes had gained mastery of the area known today as Denmark and maintained control until the late medieval period, including parts of modern Sweden and Norway.
In the late medieval period, Denmark was reduced in size to approximately the area of contemporary Denmark.
Within a span of one-hundred fifty years, Denmark changed from an agricultural to an industrialized society.
In the late nineteenth century, two-thirds of the population lived in rural areas and engaged in agriculture; today, only 15 percent live in rural areas, and many of those people have city jobs.
The national anthem, "Der er et Yndigt Land" ("There Is a Lovely Land"), was written around 1820. Denmark is a constitutional monarchy and the oldest kingdom in Europe.
According to historical sources it dates back to the ninth century, but myth dates it as far back as the sixth century.
Denmark is a small nation whose cultural unity is mitigated by regional traditions of rural, urban, and island communities with distinctions based on local language, food, and history.