Labor recruitment was the basis of this particular community.In 1960, the number of stateside Puerto Ricans living in New York City as a whole was 88%, with most (69%) living in East Harlem.The portmanteau "Nuyorican" refers to Puerto Ricans and their descendants in the New York City metropolitan area.
Notable attributes that set the stateside Puerto Rican population apart from the rest of the US Hispanic community, is facts such as, Puerto Ricans have the highest military enrollment rates compared to other Hispanics, Puerto Ricans are more likely to be proficient in English than any other Hispanic group, and Puerto Ricans are also more likely to intermarry other ethnic groups, and far more likely to intermarry or "intermingle" specifically with blacks than any other Hispanic group.
Since 1898, Puerto Rico has been under the control of the United States, fueling migratory patterns between the mainland and the island.
In the 1930s there was an enclave around 35th and Michigan.
In the 1950s two small barrios emerged known as la Clark and La Madison just North and West of Downtown, near hotel jobs and then where the factories once stood.
Puerto Ricans who were born in Puerto Rico are American citizens as if they were born in the states.
Consequently, using the term Puerto Rican American only for those living in the states is not accurate.There is also the National Puerto Rican Coalition in Washington, DC, the National Puerto Rican Forum, the Puerto Rican Family Institute, Boricua College, the Center for Puerto Rican Studies of the City University of New York at Hunter College, the Puerto Rican Legal Defense and Education Fund, the National Conference of Puerto Rican Women, and the New York League of Puerto Rican Women, Inc., among others.The Migration Division (known as the "Commonwealth Office"), also part of Puerto Rico’s Department of Labor, was created in 1948, and by the end of the 1950s, was operating in 115 cities and towns stateside.There are significant Puerto Rican communities in all five boroughs.Philippe Bourgois, an anthropologist who has studied Puerto Ricans in the inner city, suggests that "the Puerto Rican community has fallen victim to poverty through social marginalization due to the transformation of New York into a global city." The Puerto Rican population in East Harlem and New York City as a whole remains the poorest among all migrant groups in US cities.With its 1898 victory, the United States acquired Puerto Rico from Spain and has retained sovereignty since. employers, often with government support, recruited Puerto Ricans as a source of low-wage labor to the United States and other destinations." However, in more recent years, there has been a significant resurgence in migration from Puerto Rico to New York and New Jersey, with an apparently multifactorial allure to Puerto Ricans, primarily for economic and cultural considerations; maintaining its status as the largest metropolitan concentration and cultural center for Puerto Rican Americans by a significant margin on the U. The Puerto Rican populations of the Orlando and Philadelphia metropolitan areas approximate each other in following a distant second and third only to the New York metropolitan area in size.