Jews expelled from England were also admitted into France.
A year later, he confiscated all Jewish property and expelled the Jews from Paris; he readmitted them in 1198, only after another ransom was paid and a taxation scheme was set up to procure funds for himself.
In 1215, the Fourth Lateran Council forced Jews to wear a badge in the provinces of Languedoc, Normandy and Provence.
He expelled 100,000 Jews from France and allowed them to travel with only ones day’s provisions.
Phillip IV’s successor, Louis X, allowed the Jews to return in 1315.
Jews have contributed to all aspects of French culture and society and have excelled in finance, medicine, theater and literature.
Currently, France hosts Europe’s largest Jewish community - 480,000 strong - and Paris is said to have more kosher restaurants than even New York City.
After the Second Crusade (1147-49), a long period of persecution began.
French clergyman gave frequent anti-Semitic sermons. In some cities, such as Beziers, Jews were forced to pay a special tax every Palm Sunday.
Jews also became involved in agriculture and dominated the field of viticulture; they even provided the wine for Mass.
The First Crusade (1096-99) had no immediate effect on the Jews of France, however, in Rouen, statements were made by the Crusaders justifying their persecution of Jews across Europe.
In Toulouse, Jewish representatives had to go to the cathedral on a weekly basis to have their ears boxed, as a reminder of their guilt.