The tertia comparationis will be the political struggle, the creation of the two countries during the First World War, their formation and proclamation, their legitimating policy and their common foreign policy.These developments will be interconnected with the diplomatic events that occurred at the end of the war, as well as the dissolution of the Habsburg Monarchy in autumn 1918.By May 1917, the South Slav and Czech deputies were not pushing for complete independence, but merely for political autonomy within a federal monarchy.
Despite these structural differences, both states were close allies during the interwar period.
They formed a network of anti-Habsburg allies, the Little Entente, directing their foreign policy against Hungary.
It was not until the war was coming to a close that South Slav and Czech deputies in the Imperial Assembly (Reichsrat) of the Austrian part of the Danube Monarchy began expressing their wish to gain national concessions from Vienna more fervently.
In January 1917, the liberation of “the Slavs and of the Serbs” in Austria-Hungary was demanded for the first time.
The inner antagonisms of both “Versailles states” became obvious at the latest when Czechoslovakia as well as Yugoslavia were overrun by the direct and indirect domination by Nazi-Germany by the late 1930s.
This article will provide a comparison between the two Habsburg-succeeding states.
The ICTY shares its premises with the Hague branch of the Mechanism and will continue working in parallel with the ICTY until the latter’s closure in December 2017.
Visiting the ICTY/MICT will offer the opportunity to learn more about the work of these organizations, the history of landmark cases on genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, as well as the 1990s conflicts in the Balkans.
What is surprising, however, is the fact that one of the empires' legacies was the emergence of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, claiming to be national states while in reality, they were multinational states in which a dominant nation treated the minority population in ways similar to those that had made the majority populations feel mistreated under the Habsburg monarchy.