In 1553, the first English ships landed at the Bight of Benin, then known as the "Slave Coast." The present day Nigeria came into existence in 1914, when the Colony of Lagos, the Protectorate of Southern Nigeria, and the protectorate of Northern Nigeria were amalgamated.
Nigeria's national flag, believed to have been designed by Taiwo Akinkunmi—a Nigerian student in London, consists of a field of green, white, and green, divided into three equal parts.
Green represents the agricultural richness of the nation, while the white stands for unity and peace.
Britain acquired what is now Nigeria as a result of this scramble for Africa.
In 1914 the various protectorates were consolidated into one colony, the Protectorate of Nigeria. Under the leadership of Nnamdi Azikiwe, Obafemi Awolowo, and Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Nigerians began to ask for self-determination and increased participation in the governmental process on a regional level.
There were village groups, clans, emirates, states, kingdoms, and some empires.
The Kanem-Bornu empire goes as far back as the tenth century.Like many other African countries, the distribution of religion can be broken down into three major areas: Christians, Muslims, and animists.In Nigeria, 47 percent of the population practice Islam, while about 36 percent practice Christianity, and 17 percent practice animism or traditional African religion.Colonel Ojukwu, a soldier from the Ibo tribe, announced the secession of the Eastern Region, and declared a Republic of Biafra.Events following this declaration resulted in the Biafra War, one of the most deadly civil wars in Africa, claiming the lives of over two million Nigerians.He started a popular purging of the members of the previous government and announced a return of the country to civilian rule.