By the 1970s, the city's economy had recovered after 30 years of economic downturn.A large number of high rises were constructed in the Financial District and in Boston's Back Bay during this time period.
This boom continued into the mid-1980s and resumed after a few pauses.
Hospitals such as Massachusetts General Hospital, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Brigham and Women's Hospital lead the nation in medical innovation and patient care.
Puritan ethics and their focus on education influenced its early history; Over the next 130 years, the city participated in four French and Indian Wars, until the British defeated the French and their Indian allies in North America.
Boston was the largest town in British America until Philadelphia grew larger in the mid-18th century.
Later, a dense network of railroads furthered the region's industry and commerce.
In the 1820s, Boston's population grew rapidly, and the city's ethnic composition changed dramatically with the first wave of European immigrants.The renaming on September 7, 1630, (Old Style) who had moved over from Charlestown earlier that year in quest of fresh water.Their settlement was initially limited to the Shawmut Peninsula, at that time surrounded by the Massachusetts Bay and Charles River and connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus.The present-day State House sits atop this lowered Beacon Hill.Reclamation projects in the middle of the century created significant parts of the South End, the West End, the Financial District, and Chinatown.The peninsula is thought to have been inhabited as early as 5000 BC.