Most Egyptians bathed daily in the river or out of a water basin at home.
They rouged their lips and cheeks, stained their nails with henna, and lined their eyes and eyebrows heavily with kohl.
Kohl was a dark-colored powder made of crushed antimony, burnt almonds, lead, oxidized copper, ochre, ash, malachite, chrysocolla (a blue-green copper ore) or any combination thereof. The upper and lower eyelids were painted in a line that extended to the sides of the face for an almond effect.
(ED 370) To preserve hair from the effects of sun, it was treated with a moisturizing cream in the shape of a cosmetic cone.
Evidence comes from sculptures, reliefs and paintings from the New Kingdom.
(Keville, Green)As early as 10,000 BCE, men and women used scented oils and ointments to clean and soften their skin and mask body odor.
Dyes and paints were used to color the skin, body and hair.
(ED 370) Egyptian men shaved their head in order to avoid getting lice.
(PSU) Wigs made of sheep’s wool or human hair were worn by men and women to parties, official functions and for protection from heat. When not in use, wigs were stored in special boxes that were displayed on a stand at home.
Cosmetics have been used for as long as there have been people to use them.
Face painting is mentioned in the Old Testament (Ezekiel ) and eye shadow was used in Egyptian burials dating back to 10,000 BC (Llewelyn) The word "cosmetae" was first used to describe Roman slaves whose function was to bathe men and women in perfume.
(Carnegie Museum)Cosmetics were an inherent part of Egyptian hygiene and health.